史丹佛大学成功研发可精准飘移之自动驾驶电能 DeLorean

技术更胜职业车手。

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Automotive 汽车

自动驾驶科技发展越趋成熟,在安全性考量上,大量研究数据皆支持自动驾驶更胜真人驾驶,然而在真正如雪地、强风、溼滑等极端环境中,目前依旧仅能依靠后者临场反应确保稳定,但这一定律似乎也即将被打破。日前史丹佛大学动力设计实验室发布了一支短片,当中将一辆 1981 年的 DeLorean 原有的燃有引擎换上高扭力电动马达,并命名为 Multiple Actuator Research Testbed for Yaw control(偏航控制多执行器研究试验台),简称MARTY,透过精确到 1 英吋 GPS 坐标定位和演算法计算转向与煞车系统,进行长达 1 公里的弯道飘移。

众所皆知飘移是以过度转向的方式令车辆侧滑行走的一种高难度驾驶技巧,白话一些便是车辆在失去与获取抓地力之间取得平衡。此计画始于 2015 年,团队希望以更进一步自动驾驶科技去避免在极端环境驾驶下所会面临的危险,MARTY 透过车载电脑与感测器精准计算各项数据来飘移过弯,几乎每一角度和位置皆如同重复播放一般准确,若未来成熟发展确实能为自动驾驶的安全性带来显著提升。

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